In recent years, the concept of a nation that impose Islamic jurisprudence is that of the (un)Islamic State of Iraq and Syria or more popularly known by their acronym ISIS has appeared. This concept of an Islamic nation brought forward by ISIS has been labelled as deviant and non-compliant to both the Islamic values and jurisprudence.
For example, the website http://www.lettertobaghdadi.com has received endorsements from hundreds of Muslim scholar against the ISIS. In short ISIS is not a representative of Islam in any way despite their claim(s). So then if ISIS does not represent Islam then who does?
We shall discuss the proper tenets of an Islamic Nation and not what the media seems to portray. The main references of Islamic jurisprudence are the Quran and the Hadith (traditions of the Prophet S.A.W.), though there are other sources of jurisprudence, however we shall stick to these two for purposes of brevity and ease of explanation.
For starters, there is no where in the Qur’an a clause for randomly killing non-combatants and killing of civilians without trial or merely on the basis of accusation. ISIS does that a lot, in this article we will not discuss what the ISIS does wrong in detail, but these points are mentioned just to show our stance against religious extremism of any form.
So the question still stands, what should an Islamic state be like? Basically the best example of a leader was set by the Prophet S.A.W. and hence in order to be the best one has to follow what was taught. As far as compatibility of teachings from 1,400 years and their applicability, we will let the reader decide.
Due to the many endless issues a nation state has to face, we shall look into only in this case, education. In Islam it is compulsory for a Muslim to seek knowledge. Knowing how to read, write and count are the most basic of requirements, and in modern days we call this literacy.
This is not enough in an Islamic State, efforts in education have to not only, go beyond basic literacy but venture into research and development areas as well. Hence the government’s effort to provide the best of education to those who qualify. Qualification in this sense is up for debate.
After the War of Badr, there were some prisoners of war that were literate, and the punishment for these prisoners were, to teach the Muslim children to read and write. This was the importance given to education even then, and in modern days one could only follow what the Prophet showed.
If an Islamic State is ruled via the way of Islam, the education of the nation should be by right a responsibility of the government. With respect to the basic tenet of the Syariah, some other thing too would be the responsibility of the government including but not limited to, healthcare, housing and food.
However today, when someone hears Islamic State, they always refer to the unIslamic State that terrorises the modern day Iraq and Levant together with the rest of the world. An Islamic state is not only for the citizens’ benefit in terms of education, housing and welfare but also in transparency for the state.
Terrorising and killing anyone is not part of Islam and should not be made so. Islam brings justice, welfare and compassion into the light in a world of darkness.
It seems imperative that these measures be established in the modern day where capitalists squeeze every drop out of a living person for their benefit(s).
And God knows best, WAllahu’alam
 The Islamic Welfare State and its Role in the Economy, M. Umar Chapra, The Islamic Foundation, Leicester, UK, pg 11